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What is diluted acetic acid commonly known as?

 What is diluted acetic acid commonly known as?

1
Oleum
2
Blue vitriol
3
Vinegar
Correct Answer
4
Alum

The correct answer is Vinegar.

  • Acetic acid (CH3COOH), also called ethanoic acid, the most important of the carboxylic acids.
  • A dilute (approximately 5 percent by volume) solution of acetic acid produced by fermentation and oxidation of natural carbohydrates is called vinegar.
  • Vinegar is commonly used in food preparation, in particular pickling liquids, vinaigrettes, and other salad dressings. It is an ingredient in sauces, such as hot sauce, mustard, ketchup, and mayonnaise.

Additional Information

  •  Oleum, or fuming sulfuric acid, is a term referring to solutions of various compositions of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid, or sometimes more specifically to disulfuric acid.
    • Oleum is a useful form for transporting sulfuric acid compounds, typically in rail tank cars, between oil refineries (which produce various sulfur compounds as a byproduct of refining) and industrial consumers.
  • Blue Vitriol ​or Cupric sulfate is a salt formed by treating cupric oxide with sulfuric acid.
    • It is used chiefly as a mordant, insecticide, fungicide, and in engraving.
  • Alum, any of a group of hydrated double salts, usually consisting of aluminum sulfate, the water of hydration, and the sulfate of another element.
    • It is also used in leather tanning, as a flocculant in water purification, as an ingredient in aftershave, and as a treatment to fireproof textiles.
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